Children from the Jewish Orphanage - Return
A socio-educational action “Children from the Jewish Orphanage - Return” was organized in September 25th-28th, 2012 in three of Lublin schools. In its framework a graffiti, once destroyed was repainted.
In March, 1942 during the liquidation of the Podzamcze ghetto, approximately one hundred children from an orphanage at 11, Grodzka Street, were transported by trucks to meadows in the Tatary district, and murdered there. Every year, in the anniversary of the orphanage liquidation the “Grodzka Gate - NN Theatre” Centre organizes the March of Memory to commemorate Jewish children’s destiny.
In 2010, on a wall of Gimnazjum (High School) No. 17 in Lublin, at 2, Maszynowa Street, was created a Mural of Memory "Memories Give Life”. It resulted from cooperation between young students and artists-educators from USA. This mural was destroyed.
1. Graffiti as a form of commemoration of children from Jewish orphanage at 11, Grodzka Street in Lublin
2. Social action “Children from the Jewish Orphanage - Return”
3. Educational program around the project “Children from the Jewish Orphanage - Return”
4. Schools that took place in social action “Children from the Jewish Orphanage - Return” - a timeline of meetings
5. Project “Children from the Jewish Orphanage - Return” as an event in framework of IV Congress of Christian Culture
To accomplish a project of commemoration of life and tragic death of children from Jewish orphanage at 11, Grodzka Street we used a force of the graffiti art, strongly appealing to the young generation. Its approachable form permitted us to involve students of Lublin schools in creation of their own shape of commemoration - both on conceptual and executive level. The aim of this project was to fight prejudices, deepen the knowledge of local history among the teenagers, and bring back a memory of Lublin Jews.
A history of the project “Children from the Jewish Orphanage - Return” goes back to 2010. In July, 2010 a group of students from Gimnazjum No. 17 at 2, Maszynowa Street in Tatary district in Lublin created a graffiti - “Children of Orphanage - Memories Give Life”. They worked on it together with several artists-educators: Magdalena Gross, Gaelen Smith and Matt Litwack from USA. At the beginning young people prepared a design of graffiti, and then they worked on the actual graffiti, on school’s elevation. The graffiti made there by youth was painted out by unknown perpetrators.
An aim of social action “Children from the Jewish Orphanage - Return” was to remake the destroyed graffiti from 2010. This time, three of Lublin schools, situated just as the Gimnazjum No. 17, in close neighborhood of the death place of children of the orphanage, were invited to take part in it. They are in particular way connected to this project because of their location near the Old City, where the orphanage was situated (schools such as: V Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. S. Sempołowskiej and Zespół Szkół nr 1 im. Wł. Grabskiego) or their patron - Janusz Korczak (Zespół Szkół nr 4 im. Janusza Korczaka).
Young students, involved in “Children from the Jewish Orphanage - Return” project, took part in an educational program, consisting of two introductory workshops and practical-based activity, which is painting the mural in their own school.
During the first workshop “Mural of Memory - Memories Give Life” participants got to know the tragic history of Jewish children from the orphanage at 11, Grodzka Street, learning at the same time about a context of this event - a Nazi occupation of Lublin. They became familiar with basic facts concerning Operation Reinhard, undertaken in 1942. Within this operation the Podzamcze ghetto and Jewish orphanage were liquidated. In workshops some oral history reports of witnesses of those events were used. The second part of this workshop included presentation of work documentation of Mural of Memory in Gimnazjum No. 17 in 2010. Teenagers analysed symbols used in the mural and talked about the conception itself as a form of remembrance.
Second workshop - led by graffiti artists from Lublin - was an introduction to realization of Mural of Memory in each school. It was composed of a talk about history of graffiti painting and a presentation of contemporary graffiti shapes and styles. The last stage of work in every school was painting the Mural of Memory - making a sketch and filling it with spray colors, under supervision of professional graffitists. All the murals were placed outside school buildings.
Three of Lublin schools took part in an educational program and an action “Children from the Jewish Orphanage - Return”:
Following workshops took place there:
WORKSHOP “MURAL OF MEMORY - MEMORIES GIVE LIFE”:
September 24th, 2012 - Zespół Szkół nr 1 im. Wł. Grabskiego in Podwale workshop took place in “Grodzka Gate - NN Theatre ”
September 25th, 2012 - Zespół Szkół nr 4 im. J. Korczaka at Bronowicka Street, workshop took place in the school
September 27th, 2012 - IV Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. S. Sempołowskiej in Czwartek, workshop took place in the school.
GRAFFITI WORKSHOP AND MAKING OF THE MURAL OF MEMORY - GRAFFITI “MEMORIES GIVE LIFE”:
September 25th, 2012 - Zespół Szkół nr 1 im. Wł. Grabskiego in Podwale
September 26th, 2012 - Zespół Szkół nr 4 im. J. Korczaka at Bronowicka Street
September 27th, 2012- IV Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. S. Sempołowskiej in Czwartek
The IV Congress of Christian Culture held under the theme “In Search of Man in Man. Christian Roots of Hope”. Until now an initiator of those meetings was the Archbishop of Lublin Józef Życiński. He intended the congress to be a place of meeting Christian thought with challenges of contemporaneity. One of these challenges is a memory of Polish-Jewish history. In this dimension, the social project “Children from the Jewish Orphanage - Return”, being a search for new forms of expression in historical reflection in education, fitted conception of the congress.