Tadeusz Mysłowski - Chronology
Chronology includes selected events from the artist"s biography. It is based on collected documents from Irena Hochman and Tadeusz Myslowski"s private archives, New York City.
May 7: born in a small farming village, Piotrków, District of Lublin, Poland, to Genowefa Tarasinska and Franciszek Mysłowski, a blacksmith. Named after Tadeusz Tomaszewski, a relative who, as an officer, was murdered by the Bolsheviks in 1941 at Katyń.
Moves with parents and older brother, Stanisław, to Lublin. Returns every summer to Piotrków, where he has contact with nature and wildlife.
Myslowski does not remember particularly much about the important events of his early childhood.
Mvslowski became interested in art at an early age. He reveals it was his mother"s positive attitude towards art that served as his primary motivating force. His mother enrolls him in a specialized arts and crafts class taught by Karol Piórkowski at Dom Kultury Kolejarza.
Mvslowski attends Państwowe Liceum Sztuk Plastycznych w Lublinie (Fine Arts High School, Lublin).
For fifteen years attended St. Michael the Archangel Church in Bronowice in Lublin designed by Oskar Sosnowski, a visionary Polish architect, well known for his expressionistic and organic architecture.
He naively observes Lublin the provocative activities of the avant-garde artists, Grupa Zamek.
Does not excel at school, except in drawing and painting; repeats second class.
Sculpture teacher Eugeniusz Baranowski takes an interest in him and his talent, and they develop a close friendship until Baranowskie death.
Early formative influences are rooted in the spirit of Classical and Romantic Polish tradition; attends the museum in Lublin, and is inspired by nineteenth century native artists Jozef Chelmonski, Piotr Michałowski, Stanisław Wyspiański, Tadeusz Makowski, Jacek Malczewski and Jan Stanisławski.
Myslowski takes, and passes, the entrance exam to the Academy of Fine Arts, Cracow.
Studies at the Academy of Fine Arts.
Forms friendship with art historian Włodzimierz Hodys.
Formative influences are rooted in the European tradition and include the work of Cezanne, Monet, Bonnard and Matisse.
Studies under Professors Wacław Taranczewski (painting) and Konrad Srzednicki and Włodzimierz Kunz (graphics) and Janina Kraupe (monumental wall painting).
Is disturbed by the 1963 chaos "Anti-Exhibition" of Tadeusz Kantor, the intemationally renowned avant-garde artist and theater director, held at the Krzysztofory Gallery in Cracow, and amazed by Edward Krasinski"s radical exhibition, Blank not Books.
Is impressed by the tactile, sensual sculptures of Andrzej Pawłowski - member of Grupa Krakowska, specifically "Luxogramy," "Heliogramy," "Somnamy," "Mulacie" and "Organie Sculpture."
Forms friendship with artist Stanisław Wojtowicz.
By 1965, practicing semi-abstract, semi-figurative painting influenced by Frank Kupka, Andrzej Wróblewski and Maria Jarema.
1964: awarded a five-year govemment scholarship grant for painting under Professor Wacław Taranczewski.
Makes notes about the work and the meaning of art.
September 1, 1964: marries Jolanta Misiak in Lodź.
For the first time visits the international collection of abstract art at the Muzeum Sztuki, Lodź. Considers his new perception of geometrie abstract art to be a turning point.
1966: attends numerous concerts at the Cracow Philharmonic Hall; amazed by Bogusław Schaffer"s Atonal Musie for Strings: Nocturn, a dodecaphonic work for orchestra, and Krzysztof Penderecki"s The Passion According to St. Luke.
Lives in both Cracow and Lodź, finding inspiration in the work of such Constructivists as Władysław Strzemiński, Katarzyna Kobro, Henryk Stażewski and Marja Jarema.
Still a student, Mysłowski holds first exhibition of paintings and prints at the PALĄC POD
In summer, meets Irena Hochman in Kazimierz.
Is awarded a Russian and Polish exchange grant, and spends the summer at the Institute of Art in Kiev; (Russian and Polish exchange grant) for the first time experiences the wilderness of the Russian tundra.
Encounters, in Kiev, Russian Constructivism in the works of Malevich, Goncharova and Rodchenko.
Begins to question his own subject matter and reasons for painting.
November 14: ends marriage to Jolanta Misiak.
Myslowski travels abroad for a summer of independent study in Dresden and Paris.
Takes a particular interest in the study of architecture past and present, visiting museums and historic sites.
Encounters the work of Art Nouveau architect, Hector Guimard, for the first time, and the architecture of Le Corbusier: the Maison-Atelier Ozenfant; the Villas La Roche and Jeanneret; the Brazilian and Swiss Pavilions; the Cite Universitaire.
August 2: returns to Poland.
Awarded first prize for painting at the National Student Biennial Competition, Cracow.
Develops friendship with artist Jan Pamuła and art critic Andrzej Sawicki.
Mysłowski shares an apartment / studio with Jan Pamuła.
April 16: graduates from the Academy of Fine Arts, receiving Master of Arts with Distinction.
April 27, 1969 - May 14, 1970: Mysłowski lives and works in isolation in Paris, partially supported
by Irena Hochman.
Works for editor of Magazine "Przekrój," Marian Eile, creating serial comic with the dog "Fafik" for the French newspaper "France Soir."
Investigates critically the main currents of European art.
The Paris Salon d"Automne rejects his painting Przestrzeń Owalna.
Receives a one-time support fellowship from Wydawnictwo Kultura Paryska, a publishing house dedicated to the preservation of Polish culture abroad.
July 21, 1969: the first moon-walk by Armstrong; one month later, still uplifted by the significance of this event, Mysłowski receives a visa to travel to the NEW WORLD.
Myslowski holds one-man exhibition at the Lambert Gallery, Paris, which is reviewed in Art Internationale, Opus, Le Figaro, Le Nouveau Journal and Galerie des Arts.
Meets Casimir Romanowicz, Joanna Bialozorka, Jozef Czapski and Jan Lebensztein.
May 14: emigrates to the USA at the invitation of a longtime friend, Irena Hochman, herself an immigrant in 1968.
Settles in New York, where new avenues to Western art are opened, along with new means of liberation from old structures. His arrival is at a time when New York is beginning to be regarded as the center of Vanguard art. Conceptual and Minimal art were asserting themselves as an American art movement of international magnitude.
Stays in the then Hotel Nassau on 59th Street (now The Four Seasons Hotel), across the street from Mondrian"s last studio (the building has sińce been destroyed by "Urban Renewal"), where Mondrian left on his easel his finał painting Victory Boogie-Woogie and the environmental installation Wall Works 1943-1944.
Is introduced to Artur Lejwa of the Galerie Chalette.
Meets Alex Bert Chasky, owner of a textile factory, who introduces him to a technique of silk-screen printing.
Begins work at Textile Creators Ltd., an industrial studio in Long Island City, first as a worker and later as a technician and photographer.
Receives a six-month artistic fellowship from Alex Bert Chasky.
April 2: Mysłowski marries Irena Hochman.
Lives at various locations in New York: 219 Echo Place, the Bronx; East 52nd Street; West Greenwich Village; West 72nd Street; Kew Gardens, Queens.
May 14: participates in 22nd National Exhibition of Prints, held at the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
End 1971: begins to create new work, mainly in graphic media. This represents a major transformation exploring the technique of photography.
Begins to experiment with the grid form, which is characterized by its flatness, the anti-natural and anti-real - the qualities which he now wishes to incorporate into his own work. As he stated:
"My work is an extension of Constructivism, using new tools and materials, shifting from a metaphysically based structure to a systematic and logical structure."
Myslowski experiments with techniques of photography. "The camera has allowed a great deal of systematization in my work. As a research tool it establishes a particular logic derived tom its mechanical/optical nature; allowing me to rearrange available information in such a way that
it escapes from its primary visual formation."
Myslowski obtains and is deeply influenced by The Last Whole Earth Catalog (1971) - which had become the bible of the COUNTERCULTURE.
Introduced to the work of visionary architect Buckminster Fuller.
Introduced to the writing about the fourth dimension by Claude Bragdon, P. D. Ouspensky and C. Howard Hinton.
Myslowski meets artist Ilya Bolotowsky.
Mvslowski begins to experiment with computer photography.
Creates New York Faces, computerized images of people from various geographical areas of the city.
Enrolls in a silk-screen printing course at The New School for Social Research, New York.
Continues to work for Textile Creators Ltd., in order to use the workshop and tools; creates his portfolio of prints entitled, The Avenue of the Americas, the fulcrum of his artistic career; all subsequent work relates to it. "Since 1974 paintings, prints and sculpture have taken architecture as a vanishing point - the most important one. Architectural ideas as the mater atrium received new impetus in the 70s."
His painting, developing from an architectural concept, becomes abstract; his work does not reflect visual reality, but refers to a more profound inner and higher knowledge.
His father receives the Krzyż Kawalerski Odrodzenia Polski, country"s highest honor, for his life"s
Participates in the 5th International Biennale of Prints, Cracow, and receives the "Acąuisition Prize" from the Modern Art Museum, Lodź.
Myslowski begins to work with the cross as an archetype of fundamental visual form.
Becomes deeply interested in Japanese modern dance, as performed by Sankai Juku, and the drum music of the group Kodo.
Travels to Canada: in Montreal is impressed by Habitat, Israeli artist Moshe Safdie"s experimental housing project of 1967. Visits Niagara Falls.
Myslowski continues with the New York Faces project, focusing on Times Sąuare. The project is a compilation and cross-section of the people passing through this specific Manhattan site.
Myslowski is deeply influenced by Charles and Ray Eames" film Powers of Ten (1968, revised 1977), which documents a journey from Chicago into the Universe and the return trip into a microstructure of a carbon atom in the human body.
Myslowski leaves Textile Creators Ltd., and is refused unemployment benefit because (as indicated on the notice of determination from the New York Department of Labor): "...You quit your job without good cause. Your resignation was for a personal and non-compelling reason - to pursue your painting full-time."
Myslowski is awarded National Studio Space in the Institute for Art and Urban Resources at PSI, Long Island City, New York. Begins full-time work on his art.
Develops contacts with socially-conscious artists. +Returns to the study of the national heritage of Polish Constructivism. Being an EXILE always heightens the search for identity. Mysłowski tries to establish what he inherited, both positive and negative, connecting eastern art with western art.
Meets last member of Constructivist movement, Henryk Stażewski, in Warsaw.
January: meets Harry Holtzman at the opening of the Neuberger Museum"s Bridget Riley exhibition. Mysłowski develops a friendship with Holtzman and feels that, through Holtzman"s reminiscences, he "meets" Mondrian. (In 1930, Holtzman had helped to found American Abstract Artists and, a decade later, sponsored Mondrian"s immigration to America. Holtzman contributed to Mondrian"s support until the artisfs death in 1944 and became the sole heir ofthe Mondrian estate.)
Acquires building with Irena Hochman in Long Island City, and begins renovating it for a home and studio.
Begins producing photographs on film based on Avenue of the Americas, and makes a large-scale, 12-panel oil painting based on the photo imagery.
Irena Hochman publishes a portfolio entitled Avenue of the Americas, comprising work from 1974-79.
In collaboration with photographer Luca Vignelli, creates The Beginning ofthe Expanding Series, a light projection, related to the photo imagery ofAvenue of the Americas.
Together with Irena Hochman goes to the Hahn Brothers Warehouse for examination of Mondrian (unfinished painting) New York-New York City, 1941-42. Extremely moved by the opportunity to have spiritual and physical contact with the masterpiece.
December: Mysłowski participates in a major group show, held at the John Weber Gallery,
SoHo, New York. According to its organizers, the intention of this group show is: "...To make the viewing public aware of the strong undercurrent of constructivist-geometric related object-making which is being done today."
Re-awarded studio space at PSI.
Meets Claude Picasso, Renę Błock, Joseph Beuys, Richard Serra, John Cage, Joseph Kosuth, James Turrell, Denise Renę and Merce Cunningham at PSI.
Meets and develops friendship with Szymon Bojko, the distinguished Polish scholar and art critic.
Meets and develops friendship with Andrzej Mroczek, director of Labyrinth Gallery in Lublin.
After a period of reviewing past and present art, and paying homage to it, he quickly finds his own direction in abstract geometry.
Participates in an important group show at the Queens Museum, organized by the curator, Robert Pincus-Witten, AnnualJuriedExhibition "80.
December 14: Mysłowski is granted United States citizenship, a new chapter in his life.
Myslowski meets Rita Reinhardt, wife of Ad Reinhardt.
Travels to Egypt (Nile cruise) and Mexico.
Curator Dr. Irena Jakimowicz of the National Museum in Warsaw introduces Mysłowski to Dr. Dorota Folga-Januszewska, with whom he develops friendship and ongoing professional collaboration.
Myslowski visits California and is impressed by Simon Rodia"s Wart Towers in Los Angeles; visits Frank Lloyd Wrighfs Villas; also visits the Frank Gehry house in Santa Monica.
October: Mysłowski organizes, with Harry Holtzman and Irena Hochman, an exhibition of late work by Mondrian entitled, The Wall Works: 1943-44, at the Carpenter + Hochman Gallery in New York and Dallas.
Myslowski is invited to participate in an exhibition, Geometrie Abstraction: Selections from a
Decade, 1975-1985, held at the Bronx Museum of Art, New York, organized by Philip Verre. Other participants include: James Biederman, Ilya Bolotowsky, Jackie Ferrara, Al Held, Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt, Robert Mangold, Louise Nevelson, Leon Polk Smith, Dorothea Rockburne, Joel Shapiro and Jack Tworkov.
Spends summer with Harry Holtzman in Boąueron, Puerto Rico.
Visits Man Ray"s studio in Paris; meets his wife Juliet ManRay.
Meets environmental artists Jeanne-Claude and Christo.
Establishes friendship with the avant-garde photographer Zbigniew Dłubak in Mendon, France.
Travels to Tokyo; meets Aiko Miyawaki, Arata Isozaki, Tadao Ando and Issey Miyake.
Visits Katsura Imperial Palace in Kyoto, a masterwork from the 17th century and the ultimate proto-modem building, and is impressed with the purity of the space.
Visits the Tsukaba Expo "85.
Encounters Frank Lloyd Wrigh"s concept of "organic architecture."
Meets artist Francois Morellet in New York.
May 22: Mysłowski writes to mathematician and scholar Benoit Mandelbrot about an article by James Glieck in the New York Times Magazine, December 8, 1985, The Man who Reshaped Geometry. (Mandelbrofs theorized.about fractal geometry, which is the new way of thinking about complex natural patterns.)
Travels extensively through Europe, visiting France, Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, Spain and Greece and documents his trip with photographs.
These photographs serve as artistic notes (memoirs) and inspire him in his work on the meaning of form in relation to man, space and time - past, present and future.
Meets Denyse Durand-Ruel, critic Pierre Restany and French artist Jean-Pierre Raynaud. +Spends summer at the home of sculptor Takis in Athens.
Mvslowski travels to Brazil and Uruguay.
Forms friendship with artist Gerhard (Jurgen) Blum, who is also Director of the Museum of Modem Art in Hunfeld, Germany.
Meets artists Edward Kienholz and Nancy Reddin in Berlin.
Meets Donald Judd and introduces him to Polish avant-garde, and exchanges print of Henryk Stazewski for promised print by Donald Judd, who died before the promise was realized. Gives Judd the book, Constructivism in Poland 1923-1936, Blok Praesens A.R.
Sculptor Jose Pedro Croft invites Myslowski to create a sculpture in stone for the Fundacao Luso Americano, Lisbon.
Begins working in Portuguese stone quarries, and exhibits a series of marble and granite works at the Gallery EMI-Valentim de Carvalho, Lisbon.
July: Myslowski travels to Moscow for Sotheby"s historic auction and purchases Rodchenko"s
photograph, Pole Vault, 1926, over-bidding the Science Museum of Washington, D.C.
Goes with Professor John Bowlt, the distinguished scholar of Russian art, to Moscow.
Around this time, re-focuses on the processes of natural genesis and metamorphosis.
Investigates biomorphic form in the medium of photograph, which he feels corresponds to these processes. His interest is in nature"s state of constant transformation and growth as a process which encompasses death and decay, as well as birth, development and maturation.
Towards Organic Geometry becomes the nucleus of his work.
Begins using freely-rendered organic forms in his work, which are strongly based on positive-negative, figure-ground relationships; these concerns will continue to characterize subsequent imagery.
Meets the artist Jan Ziemski, member of Lublin Grupa Zamek.
Mvslowski is invited by curator Bozena Kowalska to participate in Science or Mysticism, the 6th
Summer School of Artists Employing the Language of Geometry, Okuninka, Poland.
Visits the Rietveld-Schroder House, Utrecht, an icon of modern architecture because of its economy of space.
Invited by Petra Schilcher, Director of Edition Artelier, Graz, Austria, to create an intaglio multiple on metal, entitled New York Crisscross. Myslowski travels for the first time to Vienna, Austria, and investigates Vienna Secession Architecture by Joseph Maria Olbrich, Otto Wagner and Adolf Loos.
October 14: participates in International Festival of Chaos and Order in Graz.
December 7-11: Edition Atelier shows Myslowski"s work at the Los Angeles Art Fair.
Myslowski participates in the Konstantin Melnikov International Architectural Festival in Moscow at the invitation of Fre Ilgen, editor of Pro Magazine, a Dutch foundation dedicated to Constructivist art.
Meets Benoit Mandelbrot.
Introduced to phenology by Polish biologist and professor Sergiusz Riabinin.
Collaborates with Jagoda Przybylak and Janusz Bakowski on a video project.
Visits Donald Judd at the Chianti Foundation, Marfa, Texas.
Irena Hochman publishes a limited edition set (35) of eight transfer-printed stoneware plates by
Myslowski, New York Composite, executed by the Porcelit-Pruszkow Company, Poland.
+At the invitation of Gerhard (Jurgen) Blum, he participates in an international exhibition, Redukta, at the Center for Contemporary Art in the Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw.
Is invited to participate in Jestesmy, an international exhibition of work by emigrated Polish artists, held at the Galeria Zacheta, Warsaw.
Berlin Wall comes down: travels with Blum into East Germany, visiting Bauhaus sites: Weimar, Dessau and Berlin; admires the work of the Belgian architect, van de Velde.
Travels with Blum to France: in Dijon, visits Andrzej Turowski, scholar and critic of 20th century avant garde; also visits conceptualise artist Roman Opalka, at his home at Bazerac Thezac.
Irena Hochman publishes a limited edition set (35) of twelve transfer-printed stoneware plates by Myslowski, Towards Organic Geometry, executed by the Porcelit-Pruszkow Company, Poland.
June 28: Genowefa Myslowska, his mother, dies in Lublin.
Mvslowski is invited to participate in the Faret Tachikawa art project in Tachikawa, Japan, and
makes a four steel column sculpture (permanent installation), New York Cross Section.
March 1994: Irena Hochman Fine Art Ltd. publishes his book; Towards Organic Geometry: 163 Selected Photographic Images, 1972-1994.
Is introduced to Michio Kaku, professor of Theoretical Physics and author of Hyper space (1994), at the New York Open Center.
Visit to Europe marks his 35th trans-Atlantic crossing.
August 1994: is invited by Leonardo Clerici, the grandson of the father of futurism, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, to visit his country house. Chateau Eyzerac, and prehistoric caves and grottos in Dordogne, France.
December 1994: visits the Faret Tachikawa Project in Japan with Irena Hochman. Spends time with Joseph Kosuth, Jean-Pierre Raynaud, Richard Wilson, Stephen Antonakos and Menashe Kadishman.
December 1994: fulfills desired visit of the reconstructed German Barcelona Pavillion by Mies van der Rohe, which housed the World Exhibition in 1929, and is considered a paradigm of modern rationalist architecture.
December 1994: visits for the first time Barcelona, Catalonia. Known for modernism of Art Nouveau movements in Europe. Also visits Temple de la Sagrada Familia, Pare Guell, originally planned as Garden city, La Pedrera House, Batllo House.
December 1994: visits China"s Great Wall, The Forbidden City. The Summer Palace, The Winter Palace, The Temple of Heaven. Tiananmen Square, also visits the burial site of the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, the terra-cotta warriors at Xian.
Invited by Sam Hunter, former curator of painting and sculpture at the MoMA in NYC and
currently Professor Emeritus at Princeton University, to participate in the exhibition Transformations at Apex Art Gallery, New York City.
Invited by art critic Peter Frank to participate in the exhibition Reconstructivism: New Geometric Painting in New York at Space 504, New York City.
Invited by curator Dr. Dorota Folga-Januszewska to have a one-man exhibition at the National Museum in Warsaw.
Invited to Holy Land-Israel by artist Shalom Sechvi. Travels with Gerhard (Jurgen) Blum, architect Karl Muller and artist Heinz Kasper, visiting Jerusalem, Tel-Aviv and Haifa. Myslowski is impressed by Bauhaus International Style architecture, especially that of Erich
Permanent realization for Tashikawa City, Tokyo, Jaapan
Telewizja Polska in Lodz, director and producer Michal Fajbusiewicz realized part 1/30 min. film "Tadeusz Myslowski."
1996 Invited to Heming, Denmark, by Heming Art Museum, where he views latest works by Piero
Myslowski has an exhibition at Galerie Renos Xippas in Paris in February 1996.
IBM asks him for permission to use his exhibition as part of their new commercial: "Solutions for a small planet." The advertisement was inaugurated at the Oscar Award Ceremony in Los Angeles in March 1996. On that day, Myslowski"s work was seen by several million viewers.
Permanent realization for Yokohama City, Japan
Invited by Marlena Novak to participate in "Expanding Tradition" at DePaul University Art Gallery,
Chicago, with artists Richard Anuszkiewicz, James Juszczyk and Julian Stanczak. Myslowski delivers lecture: "Journey Into Non-Objectivity."
Permanent realization for Yokohama City, Japan
Polvision TV - Chicago realized film "Tadeusz Myslowski," director and producer Malgorzata
Telewizja Polska in Lodz, director and producer Michal Fajbusiewicz realized part II / 30 min. film "Tadeusz Myslowski / Between Heaven and Earth." +Permanent realization for Sapporo, Japan +Invited by curator Andrzej Szczepaniak to the Nieborow Palace Museum and Arcadia to realize ceramics at the Radziwillow Manufacture.